From Weddings To Wages:
How Costs Have Changed

From footballers, to weddings, to homes and everyday life, the cost of living has changed in many ways. Did the weekly grocery shop cost more now or then? How many football teams could you buy today for the cost of one in the 50s? Explore the different options below to see how much costs have changed during our lives.

Choose your item:

    1

    How The Costs of Living Have Changed

    Tap The Circles To See the Exact Values

    • Salaries
    • Cars
    • Groceries & Fuel

    Average Salary

    Price (£)

    Year

    Click here to view data

    • 1920 - £237
    • 1930 - £155
    • 1940 - £185
    • 1950 - £303
    • 1960 - £545
    • 1970 - £1,080
    • 1980 - £4,542
    • 1990 - £10,601
    • 2000 - £16,545
    • 2010 - £26,002
    • 2016 - £27,456

    Average Price of a Car

    Price (£)

    Year

    Click here to view data

    • 1920 - £270
    • 1930 - £295
    • 1940 - £310
    • 1950 - £600
    • 1960 - £800
    • 1970 - £1,090
    • 1980 - £3,550
    • 1990 - £9,000
    • 2000 - £12,780
    • 2010 - £17,120
    • 2016 - £21,165

    Average Weekly Grocery Shop

    Price of a Litre of Fuel

    Price (£)

    Year

    Click here to view data

    • 1920 - £0.64£0.04
    • 1930 - £0.35£0.02
    • 1940 - £0.38£0.02
    • 1950 - £0.52£0.03
    • 1960 - £0.90£0.05
    • 1970 - £1.16£0.07
    • 1980 - £4.53£0.28
    • 1990 - £7.73£0.47
    • 2000 - £10.14£0.86
    • 2010 - £14.22£1.12
    • 2016 - £13.60£1.04

    2

    Why The Cost Of Our Lifestyles Has Changed

    • At the turn of the century, automobiles were an extremely luxurious asset to own, with only 8,000 vehicles owned in Britain. However, this changed in the 1920s as car manufacturers began to build lighter and cheaper vehicles for the mass market.
    • Decreased demand for exports and declining mining industries like coal meant industrial and economic stagnation occurred. This caused regular strike action, like the 'General Strike' in 1926 and the lack of UK demand for exports meant that businesses were operating at a lower capacity than they once were, negatively affecting jobs and salaries as these companies tried to maintain their competitiveness.
    • The end of the 1920s still felt the blow of the global economic downturn after the Stock market crash of 1929. The UK left the gold standard, and was able to focus on reducing interest rates to encourage spending. The government then targeted higher inflation, resulting in a fall in real interest rates, devaluing the pound, which in turn increased demand for exports and meant a rise in wages.
    • The introduction of the Toyota Production System gave rise to a new form of car manufacturing that increased efficiency. These new automated methods of 'lean manufacturing' led to more cars built at a smaller cost. This meant a fall in the price of cars between 1950 and 1960.
    • There were a number of attempts by women to push for equal pay over this period, but there were persistent push backs, demonstrated with the folding of the EPCC, (Equal Pay Campaign Committee) in 1955. In the same year, a scheme was introduced off the back of constant public campaigning, demonstrations and petitions, which saw equal rates established in the non-industrial civil service. This then put pressure on other industries, which saw the average wage increase over the decade.
    • In the early 1980s to the early 1990s, petrol pump prices saw a sudden drop in cost, this is owing the oil glut that affected most of the world.
    • At the start of the 21st century, oil prices were high owing to the start of the Iraq War in 2003, conflict in Lebanon in 2006, geopolitical tensions, increase demand from emerging economies and the weak dollar in 2008.

    3

    How Far Your Salary Could Stretch Through the Years

    0.878Cars with average salary

    13.5Months to buy your first car

    368Bags of groceries

    £90.25Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    0.526Cars with average salary

    22Months to buy your first car

    440Bags of groceries

    £1,515Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    0.597Cars with average salary

    20Months to buy your first car

    492.55Bags of groceries

    £2,824Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    0.504Cars with average salary

    23.5Months to buy your first car

    587Bags of groceries

    £3,652Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    0.681Cars with average salary

    17.5Months to buy your first car

    604.33Bags of groceries

    £4,533Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    0.99Cars with average salary

    12Months to buy your first car

    933.55Bags of groceries

    £9,796Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    1.279Cars with average salary

    9Months to buy your first car

    1,003Bags of groceries

    £13,205Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    1.178Cars with average salary

    10Months to buy your first car

    1,372Bags of groceries

    £17,505Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    1.295Cars with average salary

    9.5Months to buy your first car

    1,632Bags of groceries

    £20,165Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    1.518Cars with average salary

    8Months to buy your first car

    1,829Bags of groceries

    £25,184Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    1.297Cars with average salary

    9Months to buy your first car

    2,019Bags of groceries

    £22,492Amount of change left over after a year’s worth of groceries

    From Weddings To Wages: How Costs Have Changed uses sources from: Hillarys, Fawcett Society, Economics Help, Union History, National Archives, Wikipedia, Petrol Prices, Speed Limit, Gov.uk and 20th Century London.

    1

    Where Our Wedding Fund Money Has Been Spent Over the Years

    Tap The Circles To See the Exact Values

    • Wedding Cost Change by Decade
    • What Do We Spend Our Wedding Fund On?

    Price (£)

    Decade

    Click here to view data

    • 1950 - £70
    • 1960 - £50
    • 1970 - £100
    • 1980 - £1,150
    • 1990 - £9,380
    • 2000 - £21,089

    1950s

    • Average weekly wage – £9.55
    • Average cost of wedding - £70
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £8
    • Would take 0.84 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 7.33 weeks to save for wedding

    1960s

    • Average weekly wage – £18.25
    • Average cost of wedding - £50
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £20
    • Would take 1.1 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 2.74 weeks to save for wedding

    1970s

    • Average weekly wage – £34.64
    • Average cost of wedding - £100
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £30
    • Would take 0.87 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 2.89 weeks to save for wedding

    1980s

    • Average weekly wage – £145.88
    • Average cost of wedding - £1,150
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £120 (Hired)
    • Would take 0.82 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 7.88 weeks to save for wedding

    1990s

    • Average weekly wage – £340.18
    • Average cost of wedding - £9,380
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £690
    • Would take 2.03 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 27.6 weeks to save for wedding

    2000s

    • Average weekly wage – £532.34
    • Average cost of wedding - £21,089
    • Cost of the wedding dress – £825
    • Would take 1.6 weeks to save for wedding dress
    • Would take 39.62 weeks to save for wedding

    2010s

    • Average Weekly Wage - £421.49
    • Average Cost of Wedding - £30,111
    • Honeymoon - £3,582
    • Catering - £2,770
    • Venue - £2,164
    • Rings - £1,856
    • Wedding Dress - £1,098
    • Photographer - £876
    • Flowers, Decorations & Cake - £728
    • Entertainment - £682
    • Groom and Groomsmen's Outfits - £674
    • Bridesmaids - £582

    2

    What Else Can You Buy for the Same Price as a Wedding Today?

    • Designer Shoes65Pairs of designer shoes
    • Afghan Hounds59Afghan Hound puppies
    • Jet Skis4Jet Skis
    • Hand Bags135Designer hand bags
    • Body Lotions1,432Body lotions
    • Smart Phones60New edition smart phones
    • Lancashire Flat1Bedroom flat in Lancashire
    • Holiday Weekends301Holiday weekends
    • Wonders of the World5Visits to all Seven Wonders of the World
    • DVDs3011DVDs
    • World Trip18Trips around the world

    3

    What Percentage of the Whole Wedding Cost Was Spent on the Dress?

    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    Pie Chart 1950s
    • 195011.43%
    • 196040%
    • 197030%
    • 198010.44%
    • 19907.36%
    • 20003.9%
    • 20103.67%

    From Weddings To Wages: How Costs Have Changed uses sources from: ONS, The Telegraph and Wedding Ideas Magazine.

    1

    Change in House Prices Over the Years

    Tap The Circles To See the Exact Values

    Price (£)

    Year

    Click here to view data

    • 1975 - £10,846
    • 1980 - £23,288
    • 1985 - £34,378
    • 1990 - £57,683
    • 1995 - £51,245
    • 2000 - £80,366
    • 2005 - £156,325
    • 2010 - £165,483
    • 2015 - £193,900

    2

    Reasons for Changing House Prices Over Time

    • Large scale destruction of homes during the Second World War lead to further investment in social housing occurring afterwards.
    • The introduction of the ‘Housing Act’ of 1988 revised the rights and responsibilities of landlords with tenants. This made it much more attractive for private landlords to rent out their properties due to new security measures laid out by the act.
    • Searching for and buying property has evolved hugely over the years. The most dramatic change in the process of buying a house is the research that people do via the internet. The National Association of Retailers found that by 2013, 92% of home buyers used the internet to initially find a home, compared with just 71% doing so in 2003.
    • House prices steadily increased over the years, mainly due to banks’ ability to print money, which they were then able to use to give loans in the form of mortgages. This infamous property bubble then burst in 2008 where house prices plummeted. (Although they have risen again since.)

    3

    How and Where House Prices Have Changed

    Average Cost of UK Houses by Region

    UK Map

    Wales

    • 1969£4,168
    • 1970£4,434
    • 1980£19,363
    • 1990£46,464
    • 2000£72,285
    • 2010£129,000
    • 2017£148,000

    Scotland

    • 1969£4,609
    • 1970£5,002
    • 1980£21,754
    • 1990£41,744
    • 2000£69,961
    • 2010£130,000
    • 2017£146,000

    Northern Ireland

    • 1969£3,941
    • 1970£4,387
    • 1980£23,656
    • 1990£31,849
    • 2000£72,514
    • 2010£125,000
    • 2017£124,000

    South West

    • 1969£4,496
    • 1970£4,879
    • 1980£25,293
    • 1990£65,378
    • 2000£104,233
    • 2010£189,735
    • 2017£243,215

    South East

    • 1969£5,792
    • 1970£6,223
    • 1980£29,832
    • 1990£80,525
    • 2000£137,354
    • 2010£218,657
    • 2017£315,334

    London

    • 1969£6,195
    • 1970£6,882
    • 1980£30,968
    • 1990£83,821
    • 2000£163,577
    • 2010£285,353
    • 2017£482,779

    East of England

    • 1969£4,298
    • 1970£4,515
    • 1980£22,808
    • 1990£61,427
    • 2000£92,628
    • 2010£190,404
    • 2017£280,690

    Yorkshire & Humber

    • 1969£3,436
    • 1970£3,634
    • 1980£17,689
    • 1990£47,231
    • 2000£72,176
    • 2010£132,685
    • 2017£155,357

    Midlands

    • 1969£4,070
    • 1970£4,228
    • 1980£20,296
    • 1990£53,657
    • 2000£83,877
    • 2010£143,814
    • 2017£181,047

    North West

    • 1969£3,922
    • 1970£4,184
    • 1980£20,092
    • 1990£50,005
    • 2000£78,415
    • 2010£131,347
    • 2017£152,765

    From Weddings To Wages: How Costs Have Changed uses sources from: House Price Crash, UK House Price Index Reports, Positive Money, Howells Legal and The Telegraph.

    1

    A Timeline of the Most Expensive Players by Region

    Jack Southworth 1893£400 Jack Southworth Blackburn Rovers (North West) > Everton (North West)
    Alf Common 1904£520 Alf Common Sheffield Utd (South Yorkshire) > Sunderland AFC (North East)
    Charlie Buchan 1911£1200 Charlie Buchan Leyton F.C. (London) > Sunderland AFC (North East)
    Frank Barson 1919£2850 Frank Barson Barnsley F.C. (South Yorkshire) > Aston Villa (Midlands)
    David Jack 1920£3500 David Jack Plymouth Argyle (South West) > Bolton Wanderers (North West)
    Peter Doherty 1930£10,000 Peter Doherty Blackpool F.C. (North West) > Manchester City (North West)
    Bryn Jones 1938£14,000 Bryn Jones Wolverhampton Wanderers (Midlands) > Arsenal (London)
    Tommy Lawton 1947£20,000 Tommy Lawton Chelsea (London) > Notts County (Midlands)
    Trevor Ford 1950£30,000 Trevor Ford Aston Villa (Midlands) > Sunderland F.C. (North East)
    John Charles 1957£65,000 John Charles Leeds United (West Yorkshire) > Juventus (Italy)
    Denis Law 1962£115,000 Denis Law Torino (Italy) > Manchester United (North West)
    Allan Clarke 1969£165,000 Allan Clarke Leicester City (Midlands) > Leeds United (West Yorkshire)
    Alan Ball 1971£220,000 Alan Ball Everton (North West) > Arsenal (London)
    Bob Latchford 1971£350,000 Bob Latchford Birmingham City (Midlands) > Everton (North West)
    David Mills 1979£516,000 David Mills Middlesbrough (North Yorkshire) > West Bromwich Albion F.C. (Midlands)
    Andy Gray 1979£1,469,000 Andy Gray Aston Villa (Midlands) > Wolverhampton Wanderers (Midlands)
    Ian Rush 1987£3,200,000 Ian Rush Liverpool (North West) > Juventus (Italy)
    Andy Cole 1995£7,000,000 Andy Cole Newcastle United (North East) > Manchester United (North West)
    Alan Shearer 1996£15,000,000 Alan Shearer Blackburn Rovers (North West) > Newcastle United (North East)
    Rio Ferdinand 2002£29,100,000 Rio Ferdinand Leeds United (West Yorkshire) > Manchester United (North West)
    Cristiano Ronaldo 2009£80,000,000 Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United (North West) > Real Madrid (Spain)
    Gareth Bale 2013£85,300,000 Gareth Bale Tottenham Hotspur (London) > Real Madrid (Spain)
    Paul Pogba 2016£89,300,000 Paul Pogba Juventus (Italy) > Manchester United (North West)

    2

    Why the Price of Footballers Has Changed Over Time

    • The Retain and Transfer system was introduced to prevent rich clubs being able to lure players from other clubs with higher wages. The system brought in contracts giving the power over to the clubs, which meant players did not have to be paid or played while signed with the club, nor did they have the right to leave the club for these reasons.
    • The system was changed - a player would have to re-register with their club between 1 April and the first Saturday in May. The Football Association (FA) would step in and prevent any misconduct of player’s contract renewals and would also handle and approve a player transfer request. Now all clubs have slightly different structures in how they decide on players to buy and sell.
    • The lack of highest calibre football players, combined with the hike in demand for those players from the biggest clubs competing on the biggest stage, leads to an increase in their price tags. Demand for top players comes from the increased number of fans watching their teams play, who expect to see the best football from their players. (Elsewhere, more countries are taking an interest in football. American TV channel NBCUniversal has paid $950 million to air the English Premier League, with matches averaging 563,000 viewers).
    • The 2005 FA Cup Final between Arsenal and Manchester UTD is the 4th most watched sporting event in the world. The demand for football all over the world has increased dramatically over time and is one of the main reasons for the change in costs.
    • Arsenal upgraded from their stadium Highbury Park, which had a capacity of 38,419, to their new stadium in 2006 The Emirates, which has a capacity of 60,432.
    • BT Sport and Sky both signed a £5.1 billion deal from 2016 – 2019 to own broadcasting rights to Premier League games. The top 20 English clubs will acquire £81 million a season.

    3

    What Can You Buy for the Same Price as Pogba?

    • Freddo Bars356,000,000Freddos
    • Private Jet2Gulfstream G650 private jets
    • F1 Cars14F1 cars
    • Leicester City£54.4mLeicester City squad
    • NHS Logo4,102Fully qualified NHS nurses annual salaries
    • Space Visits2Visits to space
    • Someone earning the average annual salary (£27,600) would take3,250years to buy Pogba
    • Jack Southworth224,250Jack Southworth's
    • BMW 3 Series3,560BMW 3 Series
    • Semi detatched house142Average priced semi-detached houses in London
    • MacBook89,00013” MacBook Pros with Retina Display

    From Weddings To Wages: How Costs Have Changed uses sources from: Total Sportek, BBC and Sunderland Echo.

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