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Graduate Retirement Benefit (GRB) Explained

Last updated 23rd November 2021

5 min read

a mature couple doing some paperwork

Graduated Retirement Benefit tops up your basic State Pension. You are entitled to receive graduated pension payments if you worked for an employer and paid graduated contributions between 1961 and 1975 (more on this below).

This guide explains what you need to know about the scheme and the payments you’ll receive. Along the way, we’ll cover what Graduated Retirement Benefit is, who is eligible, the rates, tax considerations, and some other frequently asked questions.

What is Graduated Retirement Benefit?

Graduated Retirement Benefit is a form of additional State Pension payment that is designed to top up your basic pension. You should receive the payments if you paid graduated contributions on your earnings between 1961 and 1975 as part of the graduated pension scheme.

Introduced by the National Insurance Act 1959, this was the first State scheme to offer earnings-related pension payments on top of the basic State Pension. It was replaced by the State Earnings Related Pension Scheme (SERPS) in 1978.

Who is eligible for a graduated pension?

You are eligible for graduated pension payments if you paid graduated contributions between April 1961 and April 1975. Not sure if this applies to you? You will have paid graduated contributions if during this period you:

  • Were over 18;
  • Worked for an employer and paid Income Tax and NI;
  • Earned over £9 a week at that time.

How to claim your graduated pension

There’s nothing in particular you need to do to claim your graduated pension. Once you reach State Pension age and claim your payments, you should automatically receive Graduated Retirement Benefit as an add-on to your basic pension if you’re eligible.

How is a graduated pension paid?

Your graduated pension makes up a small proportion of your State Pension and is typically paid in lump sums rather than as part of your weekly payments.

Can’t find Graduated Retirement Benefit in your pension statements? Don’t worry – the payments are included in the additional State Pension estimate part of your statements, so you won’t find the amount shown separately.

What is Graduated Retirement Benefit?

The amount of Graduated Retirement Benefit you receive is based on how much you paid in graduated contributions.

First, the Government works out your total graduated contributions. This amount is used to calculate the number of graduated pension units you will receive. To work out how many units you will receive, the amount of graduate contribution you paid is divided by:

  • 7.5 for men
  • 9 for women who reached State Pension age before 6 April 2010
  • 7.5 for women reaching State Pension age on or after 6 April 2010

Men can have up to 86 units, whilst women can have up to 72. The difference is based on the fact that State Pension ages used to be different for men and women.

The cash value of these units is based on the unit price, which increases each year. The current unit price for 2021-2022 is around 14p per week for each unit.

Increases in graduated pensions

The graduated pension unit price increases each year based on the social security benefits up-rating order published by the DWP. You can check the current year’s pension rates on the gov.uk website.

Other graduated pension FAQs

Although we’ve looked at the main issues surrounding Graduated Retirement Benefit, you may still have further questions. The sections below should provide the answers you’re looking for.

Is Graduated Retirement Benefit taxable?

Yes. Your State Pension counts as taxable income – and this includes any graduated pension payments you receive. If your State Pension payments push you over your taxable allowance, you will have to pay Income Tax.

Can Graduated Retirement Benefit be inherited?

Yes, you can inherit 50% of the Graduated Retirement Benefit that your spouse or civil partner qualified for. This only applies if either you or your former partner reached the State Pension age before the 6th April 2016 and you did not remarry or enter a new civil partnership before this point.

Contact the Pension Service to find out what you can claim and how.

When did the graduated pension scheme start and end?

The graduated pension scheme tops up the pensions of those who paid graduated contributions, starting from April 1961 and ending in April 1975.

Read on

If you’ve found this guide useful, you may want to continue reading some of our other articles on money, pensions, and retirement:

How we can help

Hopefully this guide has answered all of the questions you had about Graduated Retirement Benefit. SunLife offers a variety of services that you might want to consider, including:

Sources

  1. DWP - Your State Pension statement explained PDF
  2. https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/9-200-3498
  3. DWP - Benefit and pension rates 2021 to 2022
  4. https://www.gov.uk/income-tax